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Inventories – what are they? Definition of the term

Inventory is one of the most important elements in any business. This is especially true for manufacturing companies that need to constantly supply raw materials and supplies. Inventory is referred to as a current asset because it helps maintain liquidity. In this article, we will discuss what inventory is and what role it plays in the economy. We will also look at the definition of the concept of current assets so that we can better understand how inventory affects business operations.

What are inventories? Definition of the concept

Inventory is a current asset that is a source of revenue for a business. Inventory represents goods that are produced or purchased so that they can be sold. Inventories include all goods that are available for sale or that are being prepared for sale. They are usually categorized as fixed assets, which include goods that are ready for sale, as well as goods that are in the process of being produced.

For companies, inventories are a very important element, as they are a source of revenue and allow them to maintain constant liquidity. Inventories are used to determine the amount of goods that are available for sale or are in production. They are closely related to the volume of production and sales, so they are an important part of company management.

Types of inventories

Current assets, also known as inventory, are goods supplied by suppliers that will be sold or used in the company’s operations to generate revenue. Inventories are divided into several types and are entered into an inventory management system so that they can be monitored quickly and easily. Here are some types of inventory:

  1. Productionmaterials – Production materials include raw materials, components, parts and other materials that are required to produce a specific product or service.
  2. Finished goods – Finished goods are finished goods that are ready for sale to retailers or wholesalers.
  3. Consumer goods – Consumer goods are goods that are for direct use in the production process or delivery of a service.
  4. Fixed assets – Fixed assets are goods that are used for an extended period of time in the process of production or delivery of a service.
  5. Returns – Returns are goods that have been returned by customers and are stored in warehouses for exchange or sale.
  6. By-products – By-products are goods that are produced during the production process and they are stored in warehouses for use in other production processes or for sale.
  7. Special goods – Special goods are goods that are stored in warehouses for use in certain circumstances or for sale.
  8. Reserve expenditures – Reserve expenditures are goods that are purchased to prevent production or services from being halted in the event of unforeseen incidents.

These types of inventory are essential to the proper operation of any business, so it is important to have a good inventory management system to monitor and manage it.

Inventory valuation

Inventory valuation is an integral part of the accounting process. Inventory is a current asset that is valued in order to accurately determine the level of a company’s own funds. Inventory valuation also helps to recognize cash flows over time and prevent possible losses.

When valuing inventory, companies use various methods, such as the lowest value method, the market value method or the individual component valuation method. This method allows to determine the value of inventory commensurate with its quality, size, quantity and period for disposal.

Using inventory valuation methods, companies can accurately determine the value of other assets on their balance sheets and prepare a comprehensive picture of the financial situation in the company. Inventory valuation is also essential for updating accounting books and preparing financial statements.

Therefore, companies must value their inventories in a timely manner to ensure complete and correct financial information. Inventory valuation is especially important for trading companies, where inventories occur in large quantities.

What counts as inventory? Examples

Inventories are an important part of business management. They are counted among the current assets that make up a company’s overall balance sheet. Inventory is the goods that a company has in stock to meet market demand. They can be goods that are in stock awaiting sale, products in the process of production and raw materials that will be used in production.

Inventory also includes goods that are for sale, as well as goods that are sold out or withdrawn from sale. In addition, if a company has retail sales, inventory also includes goods to be displayed on store shelves.

It is particularly important to monitor and control inventories to avoid a company finding itself too long with inventory or too short with inventory. Examples of inventories include materials and raw materials, goods ready for sale and products in the course of production.

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